A study of nurse manager role preparation and competency development found nurse managers learn primarily through experience, though they are interested in gaining competence through graduate education. Nurse managers said also said formal orientation and mentorship would help in the transition to the role. The survey, published in the May issue of the Journal of Nursing Administration, had 647 respondents. Authors Nora Warshawsky, PhD, RN, a professor at the University of Central Florida College of Nursing, Orlando and Emily Cramer, PhD, research assistant professor at University of Kansas School of Nursing, Kansas City, both AONL members, noted successful leadership development programs shared several features. These include didactic sessions in combination with experience-based learning, mentorship and reflective practice. The article noted participants in AONL’s Nurse Manager Fellowship program reported they had increased knowledge of the health system, perspective, collaboration and self-awareness.